Hospitals have for a long time been receiving attention as a source for acquisition and spread of resistant pathogens among hospitalized patients. Science reports infection risks by “resistant super bugs” are also found elsewhere, such as in supermarkets, retail environments and at public spaces such as airports. To mentions some examples. There are a several key organisms who is behind this and who survive long enough on surfaces to cause significant infection risk among patients.
Pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and Acinetobacter spp, are all known to cause difficult infections, which is a problem because they can survive in days and even weeks on surfaces. This is also the case for and Clostridium difficile (C. diff.) spores that can survive up to 5 months. These are the difficult organisms for severe infection, but influenza viruses and other types of bacteria are also known to survive for a long time on surfaces. The virus SARS-COV2 who is causing COVID-19, for example, survives at least three days on a surface.